Pain is an unpleasant feeling or discomfort caused by injury, illness or emotional disorder. Pain can be differentiated into two basic types such as:
- Acute pain – It results from disease, inflammation, or injury. This type of pain starts suddenly, for example, after accidental trauma or surgery.
- Chronic pain – It is caused by a disease itself. Both environmental and psychological factors can worsen it. It persists for a longer period of time. Chronic pain conditions include chronic fatigue syndrome, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease, interstitial cystitis, temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction, and vulvodynia.
Complete acute and chronic pain conditions evaluation
Your doctor will make a diagnosis based on the history of pain you have narrated such as type of pain – whether sharp or dull aching pain, duration and location of pain.
There are various diagnostic techniques used to find the cause of pain and some of them include:
- Electro diagnostic procedures - Electromyography (EMG), nerve conduction studies, and evoked potential (EP) studies.
- Electromyography (EMG) – help to find out which muscles or nerves are affected by weakness or pain.
- Nerve conduction studies – determine if there is any nerve damage.
- Evoked Potential (EP) – is used to record the speed of nerve signal sent to the brain.
- Imaging, especially Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is use of magnetic waves to differentiate diseased and healthy tissues.
- A neurological examination involves testing for movement, reflexes, sensation, balance, and coordination.
- X-rays used to see the deformities of bones and joints.
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